Do you frequently suffer from lumps or white spots on your gums? Read on to find 2 possible causes and how they can be treated.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is the first consideration if you suffer from lumps and bumps on your gums. The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis, followed by the most progressive stage, periodontal disease. Poor dental hygiene is the biggest cause of gum disease. If you don't regularly brush and floss your teeth, bacteria builds up and causes infections in the gums. Some of the early signs you might see will be small white lumps, bad breath, swelling and loose teeth.

Treating Gum Disease

The first point of call is to see a dentist for an assessment of the situation and to ensure that you get the correct medication to treat your gums. You may need a course of scaling treatments to remove plaque and calculus from beneath the gum line. Your dentist may refer you to a periodontist if they feel you need more expert treatment. In the meantime, you can start using a good antiseptic mouthwash as well as brushing and flossing your teeth properly daily.

Canker Sores

Canker sores are lesions that appear in the mouth and around the gums that can appear as small white lumps or yellow spots with a red border. A single white lump is usually a sign of a simple sore, while a group of lumps indicates a more complex sore. Simple canker sores can appear several times a year, lasting up to a week at a time. They are most common in younger people from 10 to 20 years old. The complex sores are less common, usually appearing in individuals who have previously suffered from canker sores. The cause of canker sores can be varied. Infections, food allergies, vitamin deficiencies and even your menstrual cycle are amongst the suspected causes.

Treating Canker Sores

These non-contagious sores can be painful, but the pain will generally subside within a few days. No treatment is usually needed, as sores will heal on their own. Large painful sores can be treated with an antimicrobial mouth rinse or a corticosteroid ointment prescribed by your dentist. There are also over-the-counter solutions that may help reduce pain and irritation. If you find yourself frequently plagued by canker sores, there are things you can try to minimise the likelihood of them returning. Avoid foods that are an irritant to your sores, such as spicy foods and acidic fruits and vegetables. Brush and floss after every meal to remove traces of foods that can irritate sores and trigger new ones.

For more information, contact a local dentist or periodontist like Dr Edmond Lobaza